The aim of this work package is to support European countries to understand the impact of COVID-19 on population wellbeing and health, morbidity and mortality using a multidisciplinary approach in order to be better prepared for current and future crises.The specific objectives of the WP are:
- To map and synthesize the methodologies, determinants and risk settings on wellbeing mortality, morbidity and mortality across European countries at subnational, national and European Level.
- To identify useful innovative promotion, prevention and care indicators and methods to characterize the effects of COVID-19.
- To gather information on indicators and their variability, used by different countries and other international organisations to measure the effects if COVID-19 and propose harmonization.
- To synthesize research and data pathways for analyzing the impact of COVID-19.
Task 5.1: COVID-19 impact indicators and methodologies
This task aims to provide a systematic literature review on the published articles and reports on COVID-19 impacts up to the moment of the start of the project and to propose measures to alleviate or minimize the identified methodological problems. More specifically this task will:
- Map the different research methodologies that countries have been using to monitor the impact of COVID-19.
- Identify methodological issues and indicators of direct and indirect impact of COVID-19 and future crises, including economic and social impacts on health and wellbeing, as well as collateral damage to the medical care of non-COVID-19 patients.
- Synthesise research and data pathways for analysing impact of COVID-19.
Task 5.2: Exploring the determinants of the severity of long-term health outcomes of SARS-COV2 infection
This task aims at studying the respective effects of demographic variables (age, social position), life style, morbidities and frailty on the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and the consequent severity of long-term health outcomes. This will be done by performing literature reviews on all the mentioned determinants.
Task 5.3: Efficacy of new digital tools for COVID-19 contact tracing and assessment of its impact on health and social behaviors
This task aims at identifying digital tools for contact tracing of COVID-19 patients and summarizing the available evidence regarding the effectiveness and impact of these tools in the European context. Key considerations on the role of legislative and ethical aspects will also be examined to provide context-relevant recommendations, facilitating innovation uptake and diffusion.
Task 5.4: Capacity building exercises on COVID-19 impact assessment
This task is linked with WP9 and proposes to develop a European training event on methodological calculations of COVID-19 impacts for better integration of research and policy. This capacity building exercises will be mainly focused on:
- measuring premature mortality (years of life lost; YLL);
- morbidity due to COVID-19 (years lived with disability; YLD);
- attributable burden of comorbidities to COVID and
- prevention strategies and will be based on the identified indicators in Task 5.1.
The leader and co-leader of this work package are: